- Adding glyphs using the Add Glyphs sheet
- Removing glyphs
- Adding and removing glyphs with Python
This page gives an overview of multiple ways to add and remove glyphs in RoboFont.
Adding glyphs using the Add Glyphs sheet
To open the Add Glyphs sheet, choose Font > Add Glyphs from the Application Menu or use the shortcut keys ⌃ ⌘ G:
In the main input area, fill in the names of the glyphs you would like to create as a space-separated list. These will be created as empty glyphs, or as template glyphs if the option Add As Template Glyphs is selected.
|Import glyph names from…||Import glyph names from saved character sets.|
|Add unicode||Try to set the unicode values for the given glyph names automatically.|
|Sort Font||Sort the glyphs in the font alphabetically.|
|Overwrite Glyphs||Overwrite glyphs if they already exist in the font.|
|Add As Template Glyphs||Add glyphs as template glyphs only. If this option is unchecked, empty new glyphs will be created instead.|
|Mark Color||Click on the color swatch to open a color picker, and choose a mark color for the new glyphs.|
Glyph construction rules
The Add Glyphs sheet supports a very basic glyph construction syntax to build new glyphs using components:
uni0430=a aacute=a+acute aringacute=a+ring+acute
@ to align components using anchors:
For this example to work, the base glyph
amust have an anchor named
top, and the accent glyph
acutemust have an anchor named
It’s also possible to assign a unicode value to a glyph:
- select the glyphs to be removed in the Font Overview
- press the backspace key
When a glyph is deleted from the font, it is also automatically removed from
Depending on your settings in Character Set Preferences, the deleted glyphs will also be removed from groups and/or kerning pairs.
Removing glyphs from groups and/or kerning applies only when deleting glyphs manually in the Font Overview.
Glyphs which are deleted via scripts are not removed from groups or kerning!
Deleted glyphs are not removed automatically from OpenType features!
If the OpenType compiler encounters a glyph which is not in the font, it will raise an error and the font will not be generated.
Removing template glyphs
Use ⌥ + backspace to remove template glyphs from the font.
Adding and removing glyphs with Python
Here’s an example script showing how to add glyphs to a font, including a check to avoid overwriting existing glyphs:
font = CurrentFont() # add a new glyph to the font # if the glyph already exists, it will be overwritten font.newGlyph('hello') # use clear=False if you don't want to overwrite an existing glyph font.newGlyph('A', clear=False) # add several glyphs at once with a loop newGlyphNames = ['test1', 'test2', 'test3'] for glyphName in newGlyphNames: font.newGlyph(glyphName)
Here’s an example script showing how to remove a glyph, including a check to avoid an error if the glyph is not in the font:
font = CurrentFont() glyphName = 'hello' # before removing a glyph, make sure it actually exists in the font if glyphName in font: del font[glyphName] else: print("font does not contain a glyph named '%s'" % glyphName) # if we try to remove a glyph which is not in the font, # and error will be raised del font['spam']
Traceback (most recent call last): File "<untitled>", line 3, in <module> File "/Applications/RoboFont.app/Contents/Resources/lib/python3.6/fontParts/base/layer.py", line 136, in __delitem__ ValueError: No glyph with the name 'spam' exists.
When a glyph is removed from a font with a script, it is not automatically removed from groups, kerning, or components. That’s not necessarily a problem: the UFO specification allows groups, kerning and components to reference glyphs which are not in the font.
Removing glyphs from groups
Here’s a script showing how to remove all occurrences of a glyph in groups:
font = CurrentFont() # glyph to be removed glyphName = 'B' # iterate over all groups in the font for groupName in font.groups.keys(): # get the group as a list of glyph names group = list(font.groups[groupName]) # if the glyph is in the group: if glyphName in group: # remove the glyph name print("removing '%s' from group '%s'..." % (glyphName, groupName)) group.remove(glyphName) # put the group back into the font font.groups[groupName] = group
Removing glyphs from kerning
Here’s a script showing how to remove all kerning pairs which include a glyph:
font = CurrentFont() # the glyph to be removed glyphName = 'A' # iterate over all kerning pairs in the font for kerningPair in font.kerning.keys(): # if the glyph is in the kerning pair: if glyphName in kerningPair: # remove the kerning pair print('removing kerning pair (%s, %s)...' % kerningPair) del font.kerning[kerningPair]
Removing glyphs from components
Here’s an example showing how to remove all components referencing a glyph:
font = CurrentFont() # the glyph to be removed glyphName = 'a' # iterate over all glyphs in the font for glyph in font: # skip glyphs which components if not glyph.components: continue # iterate over all components in glyph for component in glyph.components: # if the base glyph is the glyph to be removed if component.baseGlyph == glyphName: # delete the component glyph.removeComponent(component)